Group Areas Act of 1950 South African History Online. All trade zones separated by their owners.

So they picked who they wonted and sometimes y'all got separated other times you didn't. slave trade affect the slaves and their. were separated, such as when a slave owner only wanted some.Identity cards were issued to all people over the age of sixteen and authorized officials e.g. police officers were empowered to demand anyone of that age or older to produce their identity cards. Those who failed to produce their identity cards had seven days to report to a police station South African Institute for Race Relations, 1950 24.Why Companies use Foreign-Trade Zones All of the benefits the Foreign-Trade Zones program can offer manufacturers and processors located in the United States are too numerous to list here.A piece of land being separated from a controlled district in an. In order to centralize the operation and management of a free trade zone and to. The management authority, or the owner or user of the public or private land within or. all other goods products to be entered and stored within a free trade zone by a. Bitcoin trading master. Mui Grid-grid-xs-12 @media (min-width:400px) @media (min-width:1024px) @media (min-width:1280px) @media (min-width:1470px) html *, *::before, *::after strong, b body @media print body::backdrop . Mui Divider-vertical .jss116 .jss117 @media (min-width:1024px) . Mui Typography-subtitle2 @media (min-width:1024px) . Mui Button-text Primary:hover @media (hover: none) . Mui Button-text Secondary:hover @media (hover: none) .

Why Companies use Foreign-Trade Zones

Mui Button-outlined Primary:hover @media (hover: none) . Mui Button-contained Primary:hover @media (hover: none) . Mui Button-contained Secondary:hover @media (hover: none) . Mui Svg Icon-font Size Large .jss287 @media (max-width:1279.95px) .jss288 .jss288 img .jss289 @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss289:hover .jss290 @media (min-width:1024px) .jss291 @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss292 .jss293 .jss293:hover .jss294 .jss295 .jss296 .jss255 @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss255:hover @media (min-width:1024px) @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss171 .jss172 .jss173 @media (min-width:1024px) @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss174 .jss175 @media (min-width:1024px) .jss176 .jss176::placeholder @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss176::-ms-clear .jss177 @media (max-width:1023.95px) .jss177 svg .jss178 .jss179 .jss180 .jss181 .jss182 .jss183 .jss183 * . The term special economic zones or SEZs as the generic term covering all types. to demarcate the separate customs territory, tend to be particularly limited in. Sustainable development capability ratio of employees with masters and.A new wrinkle in terms of technology is that many firms have begun to equip all of their employees with smart phones such as the iPhone as a way to enable them to access any web-based technology.Set up a company in foreign-trade zones of the United States. The benefits of using USA FTZ. Compare free trade zones in the US Texas, Louisiana, South Carolina. All time zones covered 24/7/365. Their approach right from the beginning has been very systematic, clear and efficient. It has been a pleasure to work with all of them.”

Mui Input Base-input:-ms-input-placeholder label[data-shrink=false] . Mui Input Base-input::-ms-input-placeholder label[data-shrink=false] . Mui Input Base-input:focus::-webkit-input-placeholder label[data-shrink=false] . Dawn of discovery trade routes. Who Site Owners may be the Grantee of the site, or may act as the. separate application to the FTZ Board. Foreign Trade Zone Site Operators shall pay all applicable fees as outlined in the Grantee Fee Schedule. Fees.Free Trade Zones, also known as Foreign Trade Zones are specific geographic areas designated for storing imported goods. The effect of the designation is that import duties on the merchandise are deferred until the items are actually shipped to a buyer within the U. S. Zones are highly regulated by the U. S. Treasury.In this article, we’re going to discuss how to find your ideal investment in any Opportunity Zone nationwide. Along the way, we’ll discuss what Opportunity Zones are, how they work, why they are valuable to invest in, and how you can search and find Opp Zone properties and their owners using Reonomy. What are Opportunity Zones?

Act for the Establishment and Management of Free trade zones

Free trade zones are areas separated from the surrounding host country's. zones". They have all of the characteristics of free trade zones as described in the text but. owners of capital in the rest of the world gain since t heir private yields.U. S. FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES. This list gives the address and phone number of the contact person for each FTZ project. If the contact person is not an employee of the grantee, the name of the grantee organization is also given.Introduction. Free Trade Zones “FTZs” are specific geographic areas within Uruguay with a. 1 The general rule for all FTZs is that 75% of labor must be local; but in service activities, this. must incorporate a separate vehicle for such activity. 4. commercial activities, signed directly with the owner of the FTZ may have. State power and the structure of international trade notes. A free-trade zone FTZ is a class of special economic zone. It is a geographic area where. Free-trade zones are referred to as "foreign-trade zones" in the United States. Kenya, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, and Madagascar all have EPZ programs. The Steelyard, like other Hansa stations, was a separate walled community.China to further improve business environment in pilot free trade zones. 1, the country will carry out trial programs separating operation permits from business licenses in all pilot FTZs in a move to expand market access.Free trade agreements are treaties that regulate the tariffs, taxes, and duties that countries impose on their imports and most well-known U. S. regional trade agreement is the North American Free Trade Agreement.

66, 81a-81u, 1202 (General Note 20, Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS)), 1623, 1624. Return to Top Subpart F--Transfer of Merchandise From a Zone Sec. The port director shall accept receipt of any entry in proper form provided under this subpart, and the merchandise described therein will be considered to have been constructively transferred to Customs territory at that time, even though the merchandise remains physically in the zone. If entry is made on Customs Form 3461, the person making entry shall file an entry summary for all the merchandise covered by the Customs Form 3461 within 10 working days after the time of entry. (1) Customs Form 7501 or the entry summary will be accompanied by the entry documentation, including invoices as provided in parts 141 and 142 of this chapter. The port director may waive presentation of an invoice and supporting documentation required in paragraph (b) of this section with the entry or entry summary, if satisfied that presentation of those documents would be impractical, and the person making entry or the operator either files invoices and supporting documentation with the port director or maintains and makes those records available for examination by Customs. Merchandise covered by an entry made under the provisions of this section will be considered to be entered and may be removed only when the port director has accepted the entry on Customs Form 3461. If there is no such price actually paid or payable, or no reasonable representation of that cost or of the statutory additions, the dutiable value may be determined by excluding from the zone value any included zone costs of processing or fabrication, general expenses and profit and the international shipment and insurance costs and U. inland freight costs related to the merchandise transferred from the zone. (2) The following documentation must accompany merchandise not under a lot system, and not manufactured in a zone: (i) A copy of the original Customs Form(s) 214 with accompanying invoices for admission of the merchandise as attributed under the particular zone inventory method; (ii) A copy of any Customs Form 214 filed subsequent to admission to change the status of the merchandise as attributed under the particular zone inventory method; and (iii) A copy of any Customs Form 216 to manipulate the merchandise as attributed under the particular zone inventory method. Such an error, including that in appraisement of any entry or liquidation due to the above circumstances, may be corrected pursuant to section 520(c)(1), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U. If the port director decides there has been no error, mistake, or inadvertence, or that the information was not timely provided, the component will be considered as an overage and subject to the provisions of Sec. (3) When merchandise which has been entered for consumption is subsequently returned to a zone for a reason other than that specified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, it shall be admitted in domestic status. That decision will be served on the operator and will be considered the final Customs administrative action in the case. If the grantee of the zone is not the operator, a copy of the notice to show cause will be served upon the grantee. (4) Attribution to privileged foreign feedstock; relative value. Any residue from the destruction within a zone, which is determined to be without commercial value, may be removed to Customs territory for disposal. The operator shall record all shortages and overages as required in the annual reconciliation report under Sec. The operator shall segregate, mark, and otherwise secure damaged merchandise to preserve its identity as damaged merchandise. Entry for foreign merchandise which is to be transferred from a zone, or removed from a zone for exportation or transportation to another port, for consumption or warehouse, will be made on Customs Form 7512, Customs Form 3461, Customs Form 7501, or other applicable Customs forms. The Customs Form 3461 must be accompanied by a pro forma invoice or schedule showing the number of units of each type of merchandise to be removed during the week and their zone and dutiable values. (1) The following documentation must accompany merchandise maintained under a lot inventory control system: (i) A copy of the original Customs Form(s) 214 with accompanying invoices for admission of the merchandise and all components thereof; (ii) A copy of any Customs Form 214 filed subsequent to admission to change the status of the merchandise or its components; and (iii) A copy of any Customs Form 216 to manipulate or manufacture the merchandise. The identity of the domestic merchandise must have been maintained in accordance with the provisions of this part, in which case that merchandise will be subject to the provisions of Chapter 98, Subchapter I, Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (19 U. (2) A component of merchandise which has been entered, but not physically removed from a zone, shall be restored to its last zone status, provided the port director determines that the component was included in the entry through clerical error, mistake of fact, or other inadvertence not amounting to an error in the construction of the law. 1520(c)(1)), in accordance with the procedures described in part 173 of this chapter. The Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations, or designee, shall then render a written decision stating his reasons therefor. The Director, ORA, and the Director, OLSS, must determine whether T. 66-16 needs to be modified and shall publish in the Customs Bulletin each approval granted under this paragraph and request public comments with each such approval. The port director may disapprove or revoke approval of any application, or may require the operator to file an individual application. If an approved application is subsequently rescinded by the port director for any reason, the applicant or grantee may appeal the adverse ruling pursuant to the hearing provisions of Sec. The rescission shall remain in effect pending the decision on the appeal. The operator shall report on Customs Form 216 the results of an approved manipulation, manufacture, exhibition, or certification of destruction (other than by a blanket application), unless the port director chooses physically to supervise the operation. The operator shall maintain a record of an approved manipulation, manufacture, exhibition, or certification of destruction, in its inventory control and recordkeeping system so as to provide an accounting and audit trail of the merchandise through the approved operation. The port director may permit destruction to be done outside the zone, in whole or in part and at the risk and expense of the applicant, and under such conditions as are necessary to protect the revenue, if proper destruction cannot be accomplished within the zone. The operator shall record upon identification all shortages and overages, whether or not they are required to be reported to the port director at that time, in its inventory control and recordkeeping system. Except in a case of theft or suspected theft, the operator need not file a report with the port director, or note in the annual reconciliation report, any shortage or overage concerning domestic status merchandise for which no permit is required. The operator is responsible under its Foreign Trade Zone Operator's Bond for any loss of merchandise or for any merchandise which cannot be located or otherwise accounted for (except domestic status merchandise for which no permit is required), unless the port director is satisfied that the merchandise was: (i) Never received in the zone; (ii) Removed from the zone under proper permit; Page 105 may be entered for consumption only when the Board has ruled that merchandise can be entered for consumption. When merchandise is manufactured or otherwise changed in a zone (exclusive of packing) to its physical condition as entered within 24 hours before physical transfer from the zone for consumption, the port director may allow the person making entry to file an entry on Customs Form 3461 for the estimated removals of merchandise during the calendar week. (c) Forwarding of merchandise history; documentation. When merchandise is Page 107 transferred under the provisions of this section, the operator of the transferring zone shall provide the operator of the destination zone with the documented history of the merchandise being transferred. Merchandise produced or manufactured in a zone and exported without having been transferred to Customs territory other than for exportation or for transportation and exportation will be subject, on its return to Customs territory, to the duties and taxes applicable to like articles of wholly foreign origin, unless it is conclusively established that it was produced or manufactured exclusively with the use of domestic merchandise. The statement must list each Customs Form 7512 by its unique I. Page 109 number, and will provide a reconciliation of the quantities on the weekly permit with the manifested quantities on the individual Customs Forms 7512 submitted to Customs, as well as an explanation of any discrepancy. 146.69 Supplies, equipment, and repair material for vessels or aircraft. Any merchandise which may be withdrawn duty and tax free in Customs territory under section 309 or 317, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U. Merchandise covered by an entry which has been cancelled under this paragraph shall be restored to its last foreign status. Liquidated damages, where applicable, will be imposed in addition to the fine (19 U. At the conclusion of the hearing, the hearing officer shall transmit promptly all papers and the stenographic record of the hearing to the Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations, or designee, together with a recommendation for final action. Within 10 calendar days after delivery to the operator of a copy of the stenographic record of the hearing, the operator may submit to the Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations, or designee, in writing any additional views or arguments. The operator must agree in writing that it will not, and it will not enable any other person, to file a drawback claim under 19 U. The operator shall file its request in accordance with paragraph (a)(3) of this section.||Today, there are 12 Free Trade Zones FTZs in Uruguay, used for a range of activities. Over the last 29 years, the FTZ regime has encouraged progress in all four areas. Free Trade Zones can be divided into two basic types. There are no restrictions on the nationality of the owners of the business and.An economic territory consists of all the institutional units defined below that are. confidential, it may be better to split the institutional units in the zone among the. in which they are located in a different territory to that of their owners, they.Investment promotion zones and foreign trade zones. failed to meet their. for regulating and promoting all the zones in a country. conflict of interest is to separate the regulatory role as much. It is important to note the owner of an SEZ may.]] Forex trading platforms. The port director may require segregation of any zone status merchandise whenever necessary to protect the revenue or properly administer U. (2) The port director is authorized to approve a blanket application for a period of up to one year for a continuous or repetitive operation. The operator shall report, in writing, to the port director upon identification, as such, of any: (1) Theft or suspected theft of merchandise; (2) Merchandise not properly admitted to the zone; or (3) Shortage of one percent (1%) or more of the quantity of merchandise in a lot or covered by a unique identifier, if the missing merchandise would have been subject to duties and taxes of 0 or more upon entry into the Customs territory. Upon demand of the port director, the operator shall make entry for and pay duties and taxes applicable to merchandise which is missing or otherwise not accounted for. The person with the right to make entry shall file, within 5 days after identification of an overage, an application for admission of the merchandise to the zone on Customs Form 214 or file a Customs entry for the merchandise. All copies of the entry must bear a notation that the merchandise is being transferred to another zone designated by its number. (e) Merchandise produced or manufactured in a zone and returned to Customs territory after exportation. The operator shall give the bonded carrier a copy of the individual Customs Form 7512 and the destination copy (Customs Form 7512-C), as provided for in Sec. The operator also shall ensure that the port director receives a copy of the Customs Form 7512 and the origin copy (Customs Form 7512- C) by the end of the next working day after the carrier has receipted for the merchandise. The person making entry for merchandise under an approved weekly permit shall file with the port director, by the close of business on the second working day of the week following the week designated on the permit, a statement of the merchandise entered under that permit. Each transfer from a zone for delivery to a qualified vessel or aircraft, will be made on Customs Form 5512 (see Sec. The person making entry shall furnish a bond on Customs Form 301 containing the bond conditions provided for in Sec. If the port director has reason to believe any new entry would be cancelled under the provisions of this paragraph, he may reject the entry or demand a written stipulation, as a condition of entry acceptance, that the merchandise will not be returned to a zone in domestic status. 1, 1986] Page 110 Act of 1930, as amended (19 U. (1) The port director shall cancel any entry for consumption where: (i) The merchandise is not removed from the zone within the period specified in paragraph (c) of this section, or (ii) the merchandise was removed from the zone but did not enter the commerce of the U. in Customs territory and was subsequently readmitted to a zone in domestic status. Upon violation of the Act, or any regulation issued under the Act, by the grantee, or any officer, agent, operator or employee thereof, the person responsible for or permitting the violation shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000. The right of cross-examination will be available to both parties. If the request is approved, the Director, ORA, shall publish a modification of T. (ii) An operator may attribute a final product to a feedstock in excess of the amount allowed under T. 66-16, when authorized by Customs, without losing the ability to attribute under T. 66-16 for all other feedstock-final product combinations. Foreign trade zones are established under the Foreign Trade Zones Act and the general regulations and rules of procedure of the Foreign Trade Zones Board contained in 15 CFR part 400. (a) The following words, defined in section 1 of the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of 1934, as amended (19 U. (b) The following are general definitions for the purpose of this part: (1) Act. Return to Top Subpart E--Handling of Merchandise in a Zone Sec. No merchandise, other than domestic status merchandise provided for in Sec. 146.52 Manipulation, manufacture, exhibition or destruction; Customs Form 216. Prior to any action, the operator shall file with the port director an application (or blanket application) on Customs Form 216 for permission to manipulate, manufacture, exhibit, or destroy merchandise in a zone. 112.2(b) of this chapter or by the operator of the zone for which the merchandise is destined under an entry for immediate transportation on Customs Form 7512 or other appropriate form with a Customs Form 214 filed at the destination zone. Any merchandise in a zone may be exported directly therefrom (without transfer into Customs territory) upon compliance with the procedures of paragraph (b) of this section. Each transfer of merchandise to the Customs territory for exportation at the port Page 108 where the zone is located, will be made under an entry for immediate exportation on Customs Form 7512. Each transfer of merchandise to the Customs territory for transportation to and exportation from a different port, will be made under an entry for transportation and exportation on Customs Form 7512. Textiles and textile products which have been changed as provided for in Sec. Upon transfer of the merchandise, the operator shall obtain a receipt from the carrier on Customs Form 7512 to ensure its assumption of liability under the carrier's or cartman's bond. 1309, 1317), unless the Board has ruled that the return of the merchandise to Customs territory for domestic consumption is in the public interest. In the case of zone-restricted merchandise transported in bond to another port for warehousing and exportation, Customs Form 7512 shall be endorsed by the port director to show that the merchandise is foreign trade zone merchandise in zone-restricted status, which shall be entered for warehouse with proper endorsement on Customs Form 7501, and which may not be withdrawn for consumption. (d) Retention or return of merchandise to zone for consumption. All fines assessed by the port director under this section will be reviewed by the Director, International Trade Compliance Division, Headquarters, to determine whether further action against the grantee or operator, such as suspension or a recommendation for revocation of the grant, is warranted. The operator may be represented by Page 112 counsel at the hearing, and any evidence and testimony of witnesses in the proceeding, including substantiation of the allegations and the response thereto, will be presented. The Director, ORA, shall either approve or deny the request. If an operator elects to show attribution on a producibility basis, but fails to keep records on that basis, the operator shall use its actual operating records to determine attribution and any necessary relative value calculation upon the Customs Service demand and subject to verification.||The total surplus under this system is $73 – nearly 3 times as high! Supply And Demand Examples – Making Trades For The Most Surplus. This might be good for the people who made their trades, but it is also important to see how these prices are found in the first place.SUMMARY The Foreign-Trade Zones Board the Board hereby revises its. In developing the final rule, the Board considered all of the comments received in response. Defining these terms in two agencies' separate regulations would. in which the term ``zone participant'' is used have relevance to property owners as.A foreign-trade subzone is an area approved by the Foreign-Trade Zones Board for use by a specific company. Foreign-trade subzone companies enjoy all the same benefits as foreign-trade zone companies, but subzones are located outside existing general-purpose sites within 60 miles of the port of entry.]]

Foreign Trade Zones - Census Bureau

81a), are given the same meaning when used in this part, unless otherwise stated: ``Board'', ``Grantee'', and ``Zones''. The application on Customs Form 214 will state that zone-restricted status is desired for the merchandise. 146.66 Transfer of merchandise from one zone to another. A transfer of merchandise to another zone with a different operator at the same port (including a consolidated port) will be by a licensed cartman or a bonded carrier as provided for in Sec. No merchandise covered by the weekly permit may be transferred from the zone before approval of the application by the port director. After approval of the application for a weekly permit by the port director, the person making entry will be authorized to execute individual Customs Forms 7512 for exportation, transportation, or transportation and exportation of the merchandise covered by permit. The Customs Form 7501 shall be endorsed by the port director to show that the merchandise may not be withdrawn for consumption. Merchandise awaiting removal within the required time limit will not be further manipulated or manufactured in the zone, but will be segregated or otherwise identified by the operator as merchandise that has been constructively transferred to Customs territory. Thereafter, the port director shall consider the allegations and any response made by the operator and issue a decision, unless the operator requests a hearing in the matter. If the operator requests a hearing, it will be held before a hearing officer designated by the Commissioner of Customs or his designee within 30 days following the operator's request. Each refiner shall keep records showing each attribution. The industry standards of potential production on a practical operating basis necessary for the producibility attribution method are If the boundaries are different, the action is an alteration. The term ``zone'' also applies to a subzone, unless specified otherwise. ``Transfer'' means to take merchandise with zone status from a zone for consumption, transportation, exportation, warehousing, cartage or lighterage, vessel supplies and equipment, admission to another zone, and like purposes. ``Unique identifier'' means the numbers, letters, or combination of numbers and letters that identify merchandise admitted to a zone with zone status. ``User'' means a person or firm using a zone or subzone for storage, handling, or processing of merchandise. ``Zone lot'' means a collection of merchandise maintained under an inventory control method based on specific identification of merchandise admitted to a zone by lot. ``Zone site'' means the physical location of a zone or subzone. ``Zone status'' means the status of merchandise admitted to a zone, i.e., nonprivileged foreign, privileged foreign, zone restricted, or domestic. Quantities recorded in the system, after allowance by the port director for any discrepancies, will be the quantities of merchandise for which the operator shall be held liable under its bond for admission to the subzone or zone site. (d) Merchandise entered for warehousing transferred to a zone. 146.63(c) to file an application for a weekly permit to enter and release merchandise during a calendar week for exportation, transportation, or transportation and exportation. Any adjustment must be noted on the permit copy of the entry, withdrawal, or other appropriate form or document. Any change in the employment status of the corporate officer (e.g., discharge, resignation, demotion, or promotion) prior to conviction of a felony or prior to conviction of a misdemeanor involving theft, smuggling, or a theft-connected crime, resulting from acts committed while a corporate officer, will not preclude application of this provision; (4) The operator fails to furnish a current list of names, addresses, or other information as required by Sec. (2) Calculating feedstock factor to account for volume gain or loss. A subzone operator must attribute the source of each final product. Where used in this part, the term ``operator'' also applies to a ``grantee'' that operates its own zone. ``Reactivation'' means a resumption of the activated status of an entire area that was previously deactivated without any change in the operator or the area boundaries. ``Subzone'' is a special-purpose zone established as part of a zone project for a limited purpose, that cannot be accommodated within an existing zone. The forms shall be submitted within 10 days after the end of the month in which the merchandise was received in the zone, and no extension beyond that time will be approved by the port director. Merchandise which is not admitted into a subzone or zone site as provided in this section within 5 working days after its arrival there may be sent to general order unless: (General Note 2, Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (19 U. Page 102

Business owners can use a trade name for advertising and sales purposes. The trade name is the name the public sees, like on signs and the internet. Your business name and trading name can be different. A trade name does not need to include LLC, Corp, or other legal endings used for your tax entity. For example, McDonald’s is a trade name.What is a Foreign Trade Zone FTZ. Taking into account all the federal, provincial and territorial statutory corporate income taxes and other.Free Trade Zones as part of the UK's post Brexit international trade strategy 2. 1. Recap. UK are made available to all industry sectors in order to encourage as many. setting-up of a FTZ disruptive for existing land owners/ users. That said, the. Each member firm of Crowe Horwath is a separate and independent legal. (12) Conditionally admissible merchandise. ``Conditionally admissible merchandise'' is merchandise which may be imported into the U. Books urging treason or insurrection against the U. This authorization does not limit the authority of the port director to assign Customs guards to protect the revenue under section 4 of the Act (19 U. He becomes liable for the merchandise at that time. The Customs Form 214 must contain a list of all in-bond (I. Any domestic merchandise will be considered to have lost its identity if the port director determines that it cannot be identified positively by a Customs officer as domestic merchandise on the basis of an examination of the articles or consideration of any proof that may be submitted promptly by a party-in-interest. When the Commissioner orders a permit to be required for domestic status merchandise, he may also order the procedures, forms, and terms under which the permit will be received and processed. Upon compliance with the provisions of this section, any of the merchandise specified in paragraph (a) of this section, may subsequently be returned to Customs territory free of quotas, duty, or tax. Merchandise in zone-restricted status may not be removed to Customs territory for domestic consumption except where the Board determines the return to be in the public interest. Application for zone-restricted status will be made on Customs Form 214. Upon issuance of a permit, the port director will authorize delivery of the merchandise only to the operator, who then may release the merchandise to the importer or carrier. When a transfer is not physically supervised by a Customs officer, the operator will be relieved of responsibility only for the merchandise in a zone in the condition and quantity as shown on the entry, withdrawal, or other appropriate form. Upon order of the Board the suspension may be continued. If the port director believes that a substantial question of law exists as to whether willful and repeated violations of the Act have occurred, that officer may request internal advice under the provisions of part 177 of this chapter from the Director, Tariff Classification Appeals Division, Headquarters. Any gain in a final product attributed to a non-privileged foreign status feedstock is dutiable if entered for consumption unless otherwise exempt from duty. ``Customs territory of the United States'' includes only the States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Building materials, production equipment, and supplies for use in operation of a zone are not ``merchandise'' for the purpose of this part. ``Domestic merchandise'' is merchandise which has been (i) produced in the U. and not exported therefrom, or (ii) previously imported into Customs territory and properly released from Customs custody. ``Foreign merchandise'' is imported merchandise which has not been properly released from Customs custody in Customs territory. Merchandise which is subject to permits or licenses, or which may be reconditioned to bring it into compliance with the laws administered by various Federal agencies, is an example of conditionally admissible merchandise. ``Prohibited merchandise'' is merchandise the importation of which is prohibited by law on grounds of public policy or morals, or any merchandise which is excluded from a zone by order of the Board. Aisles will be established and maintained, and doors and entrances left unblocked for access by Customs officers and other persons in the performance of their official duties. The operator is authorized to provide guards or contract for guard service to safeguard the merchandise and ensure the security of the zone. 112.1) to his zone, he shall receipt for the merchandise at the time he picks it up for transportation to his facility. 146.43 recorded into the inventory control and recordkeeping system during the previous business day. Domestic merchandise in a zone, which by reason of noncompliance with the regulations in this part has lost its identity as domestic merchandise, will be treated as foreign merchandise. No application or permit is required for the manipulation, manufacture, exhibition, destruction, or transfer to Customs territory of domestic status merchandise, including packing and repair materials, except: (1) When it is mixed or combined with merchandise in another zone status, or (2) upon order of the Commissioner of Customs. That status may be requested at any time the merchandise is located in a zone, but cannot be abandoned once granted. 146.71 Release and removal of merchandise from zone. This port director may authorize transfer from a zone without physical supervision or examination by a Customs officer. The port director may suspend for cause the activated status of a zone or zone site, or the privilege to admit, manufacture, manipulate, exhibit, destroy, transfer or remove merchandise at a zone or zone site for a period not to exceed 90 days. The operator must record the date and amount of each final product consumed in, or removed from the subzone. The consumption or removal of a final product during a week may be considered to have occurred on the last day of that week for purposes of attribution and relative value calculation instead of the actual day on which the removal or consumption occurred, unless the refiner elects to attribute using the FIFO method (see section II of the appendix to this part). A gain or loss that occurs during a manufacturing period must be taken into account in determining the attribution of a final product to a feedstock and the relative value calculation of privileged foreign feedstocks. Discontinuance of the activated status of only a part of a zone site is an alteration. ``Default'' means an action or omission that will result in a claim for duties, taxes, charges, or liquidated damages under the Foreign Trade Zone Operator Bond. ``Merchandise'' includes goods, wares and chattels of every description, except prohibited merchandise. All trash and waste will be promptly removed from a zone. If the operator elects to transfer merchandise from within the port limits (see definition of ``district'' at Sec. If the operator has an agreement with the Bureau of Census for direct transmittal of statistical information, he shall submit to the port director each business day a properly signed and uniquely numbered Customs Form 214 listing all merchandise except for domestic status merchandise admitted under Sec. However, privileged foreign merchandise may be exported or withdrawn for supplies, equipment, or repair material of vessels or aircraft without the payment of taxes and duties, in accordance with Secs. Waste recovered from any manipulation or manufacture of privileged foreign merchandise in a zone; and (c) Certain domestic merchandise. Domestic status may be granted to merchandise: Customs officers will be assigned or detailed to a zone as necessary to maintain appropriate Customs supervision of merchandise and records pertaining thereto in the zone, and to protect the revenue. Customs supervision over any zone or transaction provided for in this part will be in accordance with Sec. The port director may direct a Customs officer to supervise any transaction or procedure at a zone. Supervision by the operator shall be that which a prudent manager of a storage, manipulation, or manufacturing facility would be expected to exercise, and may take into account the degree of supervision exercised by the zone user having physical possession of zone merchandise. The operator shall permit any Customs officer access to a zone. The operator is responsible for safekeeping of merchandise and records concerning merchandise admitted to a zone. If the application is denied, the notification will state the grounds for denial which need not be limited to those listed in Sec. The decision of the port director will be the final Customs administrative determination in the matter. Upon the port director's approval of the application and acceptance of the executed bond, the zone or zone site will be considered activated; and merchandise may be admitted to the zone. The port director may make a written demand upon the operator to submit, within 30 days after the date of the demand, a written list of the names, addresses, social security numbers, and dates and places of birth of officers and persons having a direct or indirect financial interest in the operator, and of persons employed in the carriage, receipt or delivery of merchandise in zone status, whether employed by the zone operator or a zone user. The operator shall report to the port director, upon arrival of the vehicle or container at the zone, any seal found to be broken, missing, or improperly affixed, and hold the vehicle or container and its contents intact pending instructions from the port director. The port director's decision will constitute the final Customs administrative determination concerning the application. The port director may revoke the approval given under this section if it becomes necessary for Customs routinely to examine the merchandise or documentation before or upon admission to the zone. 146.40 Operator responsibilities for direct delivery. (5) Forward the in-bond or cartage documentation so as to reach the port director within 2 working days after the date of arrival of the conveyance at the subzone or zone site; (6) Maintain a file of open in-bond manifests in chronological order of date of conveyance arrival to identify shipments that have arrived but the entire contents of which have not been admitted to the subzone or zone site; and (7) Notify the port director, by annotation on the Customs Form 214, when the entire contents of a shipment have been admitted. If merchandise is transported to a subzone or zone site by the foreign trade zone operator from a location in the district (see definition of ``district'' at Sec. Upon receipt of the application and accompanying invoice, the port director may examine the merchandise to determine whether to approve the application. It does not cover zone-to-zone transfers in which the fact of removal from one zone is ignored. A refiner who makes such a request shall not put any other feedstock having different nominal specifications into the tank until the request for privileged status is granted. The operator shall supervise all admissions, transfers, removals, recordkeeping, manipulations, manufacturing, destruction, exhibition, physical and procedural security, and conditions of storage in the Page 92 Page 100

All trade zones separated by their owners

Page 114 zone as required by law and regulations. If the operator or grantee is a business entity, fingerprints of all officers and managing officials may be required. The application must be accompanied by the following: (1) [Reserved] (2) A blueprint of the area approved by the Board to be activated showing The port director may also require the operator or grantee to submit fingerprints on Standard Form 87 at the time of filing the application. The port director may order an inquiry into the qualifications, character, and experience of the operator and its principal officers. 146.6 shall be submitted by the operator before the operating agreement may become effective in respect to merchandise in zone status. The port director may authorize an operator to break a Customs in- bond seal affixed under Sec. The written concurrence of the operator in the removal of merchandise from a zone is not required because the merchandise is released by the port director to the operator for delivery from the zone, as provided in Sec. (4) The operator's procedures manual and subsequent changes will be furnished to the port director for information purposes only. All merchandise, except domestic status merchandise for which no permit for admission is required under Sec. Merchandise received without complete Customs documentation or which is unacceptable to the inventory control and recordkeeping system will be recorded in a suspense account or record until documentation is complete or the system is capable of accepting the information, at which time it will be formally admitted to the zone under Sec. The receiving report or document will provide sufficient information to identify the merchandise and distinguish it from other merchandise. 141.90 of this chapter need not be made, unless the merchandise is to be admitted in privileged status. The applicant for admission shall submit with the application a document similar to that which would be required as evidence of the right to make entry for merchandise in Customs territory under Sec. Merchandise may be admitted to a zone under blanket application upon presentation of a Customs Form 214 covering more than one shipment of merchandise. The port director may authorize release of the merchandise without examination, as provided in Sec. If a physical examination is conducted, the Customs officer shall note the results of the examination on the examination invoices. The operator may file a Customs Form 5931 on behalf of the person who applied for admission of merchandise to the zone. The port director may authorize the receipt of zone status merchandise at a zone without physical supervision by a Customs officer (see Sec. In that case, the operator shall supervise the receipt of merchandise into the zone, report the receipt and condition of the merchandise, and mark packages with the unique Customs Form 214 number so that the merchandise can be traced to a particular Customs Form 214. This procedure is for delivery of merchandise to a zone without prior application and approval on Customs Form 214. An operator, meeting the criteria of paragraph (c) of this section, shall file a written application with the port director at least 30 days before the special procedure is to become effective. 146.92(h)), and which takes into account any volumetric loss or gain. ``Final product'' means any petroleum product that is produced in a refinery subzone and thereafter removed therefrom or consumed within the zone. ``Manufacturing period'' means a period selected by the refiner which must be no more than a calendar month basis, for which Page 93 the application. This subpart applies only to a petroleum refinery (as defined herein) engaged in refining petroleum in a foreign-trade zone or subzone. ``Attribution'' means the association of a final product with its source material. ``Feedstocks'' means crude petroleum or intermediate product that is used in a petroleum refinery to make a final product. ``Feedstock factor'' means the relative value of final products utilizing T. The absence of such manipulation or manufacture can be shown by demonstrating that the feedstock was placed in an Page 94 empty tank, in a tank that contained only feedstock with the same nominal specifications or providing a sample which shows there was no change in tariff status.||The purpose of the Foreign Trade Zone Manual is to place in one document, the various laws. All FTZ participants should carefully consider the impact of federal agency. 4 there is a concurrence, under unusual and isolated circumstances, by the. applicant for admission or the owner of merchandise in the zone.The Zong massacre was the mass killing of more than 130 African slaves by the crew of the British slave ship Zong on and in the days following 29 November 1781. The Gregson slave-trading syndicate, based in Liverpool, owned the ship and sailed her in the Atlantic slave was common business practice, they had taken out insurance on the lives of the slaves as cargo.Full World Game Map for ATLAS MMO by Grapeshot Games. Atlas Game Map with Grid. The world consists of hundreds of islands, separated by the ocean. The world has the shape of a sphere just like the planet earth has climatic zones. In the north and south of the island are covered with ice, and in the middle of the map there are tropical zones.]] Fair trade korea net. A zone operator, or where there is no operator, a grantee, shall make written application to the port director geographically nearest to where the zone is located to obtain approval of activation of a zone or zone site. Merchandise in zone status (other than domestic status) will be removed at the risk and expense of the operator. (b) Through Customs territory, foreign merchandise. Foreign merchandise destined to a zone and transported in-bond through Customs territory will be subject to the laws and regulations applicable to other merchandise transported in-bond between two places in Customs territory. Domestic merchandise may be admitted to a zone from Customs territory by any means of transportation which will not interfere with the orderly conduct of business in the zone. Merchandise may be withdrawn from a bonded warehouse under the procedures in Sec. Their use for other purposes may be terminated by Customs if found to endanger the revenue, or by the Board if found to impede the primary use of the zone. Retail trade is prohibited within a zone except as provided in 19 U. Page 97 changed; (3) the existing bond lacks good and sufficient surety; or (4) for any other reason that substantially affects the liability of the operator under the bond. The port director may cause any merchandise to be examined before or at the time of admission to a zone, or at any time thereafter, if the examination is considered necessary to facilitate the proper administration of any law, regulation, or instruction which Customs is authorized to enforce. 144.37(g) of this chapter and transferred to a zone for admission in zone-restricted status. (b) Carrier in zone not exempt from law or regulations. Where a Customs form or other document is required in this part, the number of copies of the form or document required to be presented and their manner of distribution and processing shall be determined by the port director, except as otherwise specified in this part. The operator shall furnish a copy of the zone user's procedures manual, including any subsequent changes, to the port director. (b) Supporting documents--(1) Commercial documentation. The applicant shall submit with the application two copies of an examination invoice meeting the requirements of subpart F, part 141, of this chapter, for any merchandise, other than that excepted in paragraph (a) of this section, to be admitted to a zone. Merchandise will not be authorized for delivery by Customs to a zone until a release order has been executed by the carrier which brought the merchandise to the port, unless the merchandise is released back to that same carrier for delivery to the zone (see Sec. When a release order is required, it will be made on any of the forms specified in Sec. For merchandise unladen in the zone directly from the importing carrier, the application on Customs Form 214 will be supported by an application to unlade on Customs Form 3171. The port director may require additional information or documentation as needed to conduct an examination of merchandise under Customs selective entry processing criteria, or to determine whether the merchandise is admissible to the zone. The port director will issue a permit for admission of merchandise to a zone when: (1) The application is properly executed and includes the zone status desired for the merchandise, as provided in subpart D of this part; (2) The operator's approval appears either on the application or in a separate specific or blanket approval; (3) The merchandise is retained for examination at the place of unlading, the zone, or other location designated by the port director, except for merchandise for direct delivery to a zone under Secs. The merchandise may be examined as if it were to be entered for consumption or warehouse; and (4) All requirements have been fulfilled. That merchandise will not be considered within the purview of the Act but will be treated as though remaining in Customs territory. The following procedure is applicable when merchandise is to be unladen from any carrier in the zone for immediate transfer to Customs territory, or if it is to be transferred from Customs territory through the zone for immediate lading on any carrier in the zone: (a) Application. Upon the issuance of a permit to lade, or unlade, the merchandise will be treated as though the lading or unlading were in the Customs territory. Merchandise delayed while transiting a zone must be made the subject of an application for admission in accordance with Sec. The merchandise will be subject to examination as provided in Sec. It will: (1) Be physically segregated from all other zone merchandise; (2) Be held under the bond and at the risk of the operator; and (3) Be manipulated only to the extent necessary to obtain sufficient information about the merchandise to file the appropriate admission or entry documentation. The port director shall approve the application for temporary deposit of merchandise in a zone if the provisions of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section are met. A complete and accurate Customs Form 214 will be submitted, as provided in Sec. Except for direct delivery procedures provided for in Sec. The lot file will be maintained in sequential order by using the unique number assigned to each Customs Form 214 as the file reference number; or (2) Authorized inventory method. ``Price of product'' means the average per unit market value of each final product for a given manufacturing period or the published standard product value if updated each month. ``Producibility'' is a method of attributing products to feedstocks for petroleum manufacturing in accordance with the Industry Standards of Potential Production set forth in T. Records must be maintained on a weight or volume basis. The producibility method of attribution requires that records be kept to attribute final products to feedstocks which are eligible for attribution as set forth in this section during the current or prior manufacturing period. An operator may use its actual production records as provided for under Sec. For a given manufacturing period, the quantity of feedstock eligible for attribution may be computed as beginning inventory, plus receipts less shipments of feedstock out of the subzone, and less ending inventory. Each final product that is consumed in or removed from a refinery subzone must be attributed to a feedstock eligible for attribution during the current or a prior manufacturing period.||Key congressional Democrats are ramping up their oversight efforts over a program created by President Trump's tax-cut law that was designed to increase investment in low-income communities.This article is not a substitute for the advice of an attorney.** As the oil and gas boom continues across Texas, many surface owners are surprised at the rights that mineral lessees usually oil or gas companies have to use the surface of the land without any input, consent, or permission of the surface owner. It is critical for all landowners, but in particular for those surface owners.]]

All trade zones separated by their owners

[[ A zone operator, or where there is no operator, a grantee, shall make written application to the port director geographically nearest to where the zone is located to obtain approval of activation of a zone or zone site. Merchandise in zone status (other than domestic status) will be removed at the risk and expense of the operator. (b) Through Customs territory, foreign merchandise. Foreign merchandise destined to a zone and transported in-bond through Customs territory will be subject to the laws and regulations applicable to other merchandise transported in-bond between two places in Customs territory. Domestic merchandise may be admitted to a zone from Customs territory by any means of transportation which will not interfere with the orderly conduct of business in the zone. Merchandise may be withdrawn from a bonded warehouse under the procedures in Sec. Their use for other purposes may be terminated by Customs if found to endanger the revenue, or by the Board if found to impede the primary use of the zone. Retail trade is prohibited within a zone except as provided in 19 U. [[Page 95]] (3) The operator may authorize a zone user to maintain its individual inventory control and recordkeeping system and procedures manual. Exceptions to the Customs Form 214 requirement are for merchandise temporarily deposited (Sec. 146.34), or domestic merchandise admitted without permit (Sec. The applicant for admission shall present the application to the port director and shall include a statistical copy on Customs Form 214-A for [[Page 97]] transmittal to the Bureau of Census, unless the applicant has made arrangements for the direct transmittal of statistical information to that agency. 146.35 Temporary deposit in a zone; incomplete documentation. Temporary deposit of merchandise in a zone is allowed in circumstances where the information or documentation necessary to complete the Customs Form 214 is not available at the time of arrival of merchandise within the jurisdiction of the port. An application for temporary deposit will be made to the port director on a properly signed and uniquely numbered Customs Form 214, annotated clearly ``Temporary Deposit in a Zone''. Merchandise temporarily deposited under the provisions of this section has no zone status and is considered to be in the Customs territory. The operator shall open and maintain a lot file containing a copy of the Customs Form 214, the examination invoice, and all other documentation necessary to account for the merchandise covered by each Customs Form 214. See example in section VI of the appendix to this part. Attribution may be made by applying one of the authorized methods set forth in this section. An operator may use the FIFO (first-in, first-out) method of accounting (see Sec. The use of this method is illustrated in the appendix to this part. Only a feedstock that has been admitted into the refinery subzone is eligible for attribution. A zone may be reactivated using the above procedure if a sufficient bond is on file under Sec. If the operator fails to furnish the new bond, no more merchandise will be received in the zone in zone status. Merchandise may be admitted directly to a zone from any place outside Customs territory. The water area docking facilities, and any lading and unlading stations of a zone are intended primarily for the unlading of merchandise into the zone or the lading of merchandise for removal from the zone. Return to Top Subpart B--Inventory Control and Recordkeeping System Sec. (2) The operator shall keep current its procedures manual and shall submit to the port director any change at the time of its implementation. Any prohibited merchandise which is found within a zone will be disposed of in the manner provided for in the laws and regulations applicable to that merchandise. The admission of this merchandise into a zone is subject to the regulations of the Federal agency concerned. 146.32 Application and permit for admission of merchandise. Merchandise may be admitted into a zone only upon application on a uniquely and sequentially numbered Customs Form 214 (``Application for Foreign Trade Zone Admission and/or Status Designation'') and the issuance of a permit by the port director. ``Relative value'' means a value assigned to each final product attributed to the separation from a privileged foreign feedstock based on the ratio of the final product's value compared to the privileged foreign feedstock's duty. ``Time of separation'' means the manufacturing period in which a privileged foreign status feedstock is deemed to have been separated into two or more final products. ``Weighted average'' means the relative value of merchandise, which is determined by dividing the total value of shipments in a given period by the total quantity shipped in the same given period. Attribution must be based on records maintained by the operator. The port director may require an accounting of all merchandise in a zone as a condition of approving the deactivation. When approval of an activated status has been suspended through the procedure in subpart G, the port director may require all goods in that area in zone status (other than domestic status) to be transferred to another zone, a bonded warehouse, or other location where they may lawfully be stored, if the port director considers that transfer advisable to protect the revenue or administer any Federal law or regulation. The port director may require an operator to furnish, on 10 days notice, a new Foreign Trade Zone Operator's Bond on Customs Form 301. See also the regulations of the Board as contained in 15 CFR part 400. The operator shall maintain either manual or automated inventory control and recordkeeping systems or combination manual and automated systems capable of: (1) Accounting for all merchandise, including domestic status merchandise, temporarily deposited, admitted, granted a zone status and/ or status change, stored, exhibited, manipulated, manufactured, destroyed, transferred, and/or removed from a zone; (2) Producing accurate and timely reports and documents as required by this part; (3) Identifying shortages and overages of merchandise in a zone in sufficient detail to determine the quantity, description, tariff classification, zone status, and value of the missing or excess merchandise; (4) Providing all the information necessary to make entry for merchandise being transferred to the Customs territory; (5) Providing an audit trail to Customs forms from admission through manipulation, manufacture, destruction or transfer of merchandise from a zone either by zone lot or Customs authorized inventory method. (1) The operator shall provide the port director with an English language copy of its written inventory control and recordkeeping systems procedures manual in accordance with the requirements of this part. If there is a question as to whether the merchandise may be prohibited, port directors may permit the temporary deposit of the merchandise in a zone pending a final determination of its status. All final products removed from or consumed within a petroleum refinery subzone must be attributed to feedstock admitted into said petroleum refinery subzone in the current or prior manufacturing period.||The merchandise must be physically segregated and marked by lot at all times. LEASE The document of agreement entered into between the owner or lessor. REGULATIONS All operations within the foreign-trade zone are subject to the.All rights reserved. The free trade zone Terminology and definitions. owners and operators, and on how the network for shipping services. 15 free trade zones have ports, but almost all the free trade zones are isolated from the ports.]] [[ The application must be accompanied by the supporting document requirements specified in Sec. The port director may review the security, suitability, and fitness of the area, and shall reply to the applicant as provided for in Sec. The port director shall not approve the application unless all merchandise in the site in zone status (other than domestic status) has been removed at the risk and expense of the operator. A distinction is made between prohibited and conditionally admissible merchandise. Port directors shall not admit prohibited merchandise. An operator shall make written application to the port director for approval of an alteration of an activated area, including an alteration resulting from a zone boundary modification. A grantee, or an operator with the concurrence of a grantee, shall make written application to the port director for deactivation of a zone site, indicating by layout or blueprint the exact site to be deactivated. The operator shall notify the port director of any discrepancies in accordance with Sec. Reporting of shortages and overages based on the annual reconciliation will be made in accordance with Sec. These reports must accompany the certification letter. Return to Top Subpart C--Admission of Merchandise to a Zone Sec. Merchandise of every description may be admitted into a zone unless prohibited by law. A zone lot number or unique identifier will be used to identify and trace merchandise. Fungible merchandise may be identified by an inventory method authorized by Customs, which is consistently applied, such as First-In-First-Out (FIFO) and using a unique identifier. The inventory records will specify by zone lot number or unique identifier: (1) Location of merchandise; (2) Zone status; (3) Cost or value, unless operator's or user's financial records maintain cost or value and the records are made available for Customs review; (4) Beginning balance, cumulative receipts and removals, adjustments, and current balance on hand by date and quantity; (5) Destruction of merchandise; and (6) Scrap, waste, and by-products. The operator shall take at least an annual physical inventory of all merchandise in the zone (unless continuous cycle counts are taken as part of an ongoing inventory control program) with prior notification of the date(s) given to Customs for any supervision of the inventory deemed necessary. The certification letter must contain the name and street address of the operator, where the required records are available for Customs review; and the name, title, and telephone number of the person having custody of the records. The operator shall perform an annual internal review of the inventory control and recordkeeping system and shall report to the port director any deficiency discovered and corrective action taken, to ensure that the system meets the requirements of this part.||]]